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Non-singular dislocation continuum theories: Strain gradient elasticity versus Peierls-Nabarro model

By Markus Lazar (TU Darmstadt)

Non-singular dislocation continuum theories are studied. A comparison between Peierls-Nabarro dislocations and straight dislocations in strain gradient elasticity is given. The non-singular displacement fields, non-singular stresses, plastic distortions and dislocation core shapes are analyzed and compared for the two models. The main conclusion of this study is that due to their characteristic properties, the non-singular displacement fields, non-singular stresses and dislocation core shape of screw and edge dislocations obtained in the framework of strain gradient elasticity are more realistic and physical than the corresponding fields of the Peierls-Nabarro model. Strain gradient elasticity of dislocations is a continuum dislocation theory including a weak nonlocality within the dislocation core and predicting the size and shape of the dislocation core. The dislocation core is narrower in the strain gradient elasticity dislocation model than in the Peierls-Nabarro model and more evenly distributed in two dimensions. The present analysis shows that for the modeling of the dislocation core structure the non-singular dislocation fields of gradient elasticity are suitable ones.

Ⓒ Photos:Toerisme Leuven